تبيين شاخص هاي جانمايي پياده راه هاي شهري بر اساس اهداف توسعه پايدار اجتماعي با استفاده از روش ANP (مطالعه موردي: بخش مركزي شهر رشت)

هویت شهر

دوره 9 - شماره 22

نوع مقاله: Original Article
چكيده: توجه به پياده و پياده مداري از ضروريات برنامه ريزي شهري در راستاي توسعه پايدار است. زماني كه صحبت از قدم زدن در فضاهاي شهري به ميان مي آيد، بيشترين ارتباط بين پياده و مقوله توسعه پايدار، در بخش اجتماعي احساس مي شود. اين مقاله در پي آن است تا شاخص هايي را تبيين نمايد كه براي جانمايي پياده راه در شهرهاي ايران مناسب بوده و از طرفي اهداف توسعه پايدار اجتماعي را نيز دربر داشته باشد. استخراج شاخص هاي مورد نظر طي يك فرايند نظام مند انجام شده است. تلفيق شاخص هاي اجتماعي توسعه پايدار و شاخص هاي ايجاد پياده راه توسط ماتريس گولر، انتخاب خيابان برتر از ميان هشت نمونه مورد مطالعه به كمك فرايند تحليل شبكه اي و ارائه پيشنهاداتي براي آن از جمله موارد طي شده در اين فرايند است. در انتها نيز نكاتي برنامه ريزانه براي ايجاد يك پياده راه پايدار بيان مي شود.
Explanation of Locating Indicators of Urban Pedestrian Way based on the Objectives of Social Sustainable Development Using the ANP Method (Case Study: Central District of Rasht)
Article Type: Original Article
Abstract: Sustainable development has been defined as development that meets the needs of present without compromising the ability of future generations to meet their own needs. Today's urban planning is no doubt affected by the sustainable development and also by the sustainability. The concept concerns the advancement of quality of life and an emphasis on equity and provision for the least advantaged sections of present and future generations. Social equity both between and within generations is a major stated aim, and working towards harmonious intra-human and human-environment relationships is similarly central to this a This concept has traditionally been used predominantly in a narrow environmental definition and to underpin the preservation of historical and cultural heritage. Town planners have been aware of sustainable issues for some time, although the priority this has been afforded is certainly both varied and debatable. Social sustainability concerns the ‘greening’ of trade, investment and service industries and the notion of
improved ‘personal’ responsibility for all members of society.Attention to the needs of pedestrians and pedestrian-orientation is among the necessities of urban planning towards sustainable development. Making a connection between pedestrian and sustainable development topics is a serious issue. In the new urban development, spatial locating dedicated to pedestrians is beyond the sidewalks parallel to the roadways and the pedestrian way acts as a safe and secure space for the pedestrians. Main relevance between the sidewalk and the concept of sustainable development in the social sector is considered mostly during movement and walking through urban areas. Locating a pedestrian way that would have the principles of social sustainable development requires some indexes that would consider all traffic and physical aspects of a pedestrian path and also meet the social objectives of sustainable development.This article aims to explain the measures that would be appropriate for locating pedestrian paths in cities of Iran and on the other hand would also consider norms and goals of social sustainable development. Extraction of desired parameters has been done through a systematic process. In such a way that by studying of scientific texts and the resources relevant to the article, two general categories of indicators have been obtained: First category: the indicators for the construction of pedestrian ways and the second category: social indicators for Sustainable Development. After removal of deficiencies and overlapping in these two categories, all indicators measured by Gueller matrix to obtain the final output thereof; then, twenty final indicators in the form of four sections of traffic, physical, economic and ecological took place. Studying eight streets of the central district of Rasht and exact identification of them led to locating a pedestrian path using network analysis process. After binary comparison of the criteria and subcriteria in the mentioned format, the Alam al-Hoda Street was the elected pedestrian way for locating. In the conclusion section, a series of proposals, regulations and principles were introduced that could be guidance for construction of pedestrian ways in Iran. The method of this paper is descriptive - analytical together with field interpretations.
قیمت : 20,000 ريال