بررسي تطبيقي شاخصه هاي مسكن ايراني- اسلامي با مسكن آپارتماني امروز
نقش جهان-مطالعات نظری و فناوریهای نوین معماری و شهرسازی 1395؛ دوره 6، تابستان ، شماره 2 ، صفحات: 60-72
نوع مقاله: Original Article
چكيده: امروزه بحث پيرامون بازشناسي هويت ايراني اسامي در معماري معاصر كشور در سطح وسيعي گسترش يافته است. موضوع مسكن بزرگ ترين سهم را در اين امر داراست كه به نحوي تمام اقشار جامعه با آن در ارتباط اند. احداث يك خانه پديده اي فرهنگي محسوب شده و شكل و سازمان فضايي آن به شدت تحت تأثير فرهنگي است كه به آن تعلق دارد. بي توجهي يا عدم توجه كافي مسكن با رويكرد ايراني- اسامي باعث شده كه ارز شها و سنَت هاي قديمي در كالبد و سيماي مسكن زير پا گذاشته شود، و مردم نيز از حسنات و ارزش هاي آن بي بهره بمانند. هدف مقاله آ گاهي به اصول معماري مسكن ايراني در گذشته و حال شروع مي گردد و در ادامه اصول معماري مسكن ايراني با اصول اجتماعي اسام تطبيق داده مي شود، تا مشخص شود كدام يك از اصول مسكن ايراني با اصول اسامي هماهنگي دارد، پيش بيني مي گردد بدين ترتيب، اصولي براي مسكن ايراني معاصر براساس احكام اسام استخراج گردد. اين پژوهش به روش توصيفي پيمايشي و با هدف شناخت ضرورت ها و نيازهاي طراحي معماري ايراني- اسامي در شرايط كنوني جامعه انجام گرفته است. جامعه آماري مربوط متخصصين و دانش آموختگان رشته معماري كه از ميان آن ها 150 نمونه، با روش تصادفي ساده مورد پرسش نسخه 21 روابط SPSS گري قرار گرفته اند. پس از جمع آوري اطلاعات ميداني از طريق ابزار پرسش نامه با بكارگيري نرم افزار بين متغيرهاي تحقيق مورد آزمون قرار گرفته است. نتايج حاصل از تحقيق نشان مي دهدكه براي بازگشت به الگوي ايراني اسامي در طراحي و اجراء مجتمع هاي مسكوني امروزي چهار عامل «امنيت و آسايش»، «داشتن حريم خصوصي»، «استفاده از عوامل طبيعي» و «تواضع در خانه» به عنوان شاخصه هاي مشترك، مسكن بر مبناي فرهنگ ايراني- اسلامي و مسكن آپارتماني امروز هستند.
A comparative analysis of indicators of housing on the basis of today's Persian-Islamic culture with apartment housing
6(2) : 60-72
Article Type: Original Article
Abstract: Home is the first human space in which to experience the sense of space. Building a house is a cultural phenomenon, and the shape and spatial organization is strongly influenced by culture which it belongs. Neglect or lack of adequate housing with the Islamic Iranian approach that values and traditions in the face of the housing body and trampled, and people benefit from good deeds and keep its value. Concerns related to the past and failure in creating an architecture that can properly continue the development of history and architectural values and have a share in the world›s contemporary architecture And to contribute to the objectives and components of fundamental Islamic Iranian traditional architecture, Based on these concepts and applying them in a new frame necessitates the attention to today›s architecture. Home environment as an important part of community life and its cultural manifestations, from the perspective of doctor pirnia: «Home is where the residents are feeling upset and inside the house where women and children lived, should have a large variety to Do not feel fatigue . The most striking features that can be named to the Big House: - The co-existence of three types of open, semi-open and closed. - There are specific installation in any building space for the three species. - There are various whole space of the private sphere to the public at home. - The possibility of the private lives of families in all three types of space. - Flexible space to a dynamic lifestyle and behavior of human cases. Entrance, the spatial index and the adequacy of possible pause. The most familiar symbol of the entrance to the house was home, but semi-private spaces that the privacy of the home and the neighbors began to get to the entrance. Iranian house in terms of spatial variation was too high and it was seen in very diverse areas. Home is the most important criterion to evaluate the city›s physical shape and obviously no house loses everything in their meaning.and functions to consider and simply removed from the location of other city can say to set it. It is stated that the concept of home: the house is the birthplace of the hierarchy of the various functions of living need to live in a house for us is always there in tablet or elsewhere, says is settled to be space in which the concept the home of it. Home is not only asylum Drhfaz days and nights we could have it your closet because of our past, we have repeatedly opened and closed. Islamic civilization trait of the house in operation, according to the houses are situated, stillness and peace: and Allah Jllkm I settled Byvtkm (Nahl verse 80) God gave you a comfort for your home. Name the location of this attribute (inertia), ie housing on the property of the family life implies, many times in the Qur›an and the fact that houses are a symbol and a source of comfort, the architects have employed a variety of measures.The houses spatial organization closely associated with the way people and a variety of intermediate spaces simultaneously separating and connecting the spaces are. Another feature of Iranian house Fzahast ability to use the constituent elements of this empowerment happens space. In today›s society, the houses are made from the perspective and quantitative methods and qualitative aspects have not paid much attention to the people in their home environment and not recognized and Iranian calm and quiet the house is expected to, housing today is not responsive to their needs. Lack of quality in housing would undermine the sanctity of the family, adverse effects on children and families belonging to the house eliminates. The assumptions considered in this study include: 1.satisfied residents living in Islamic housing and the connections between people are as meaningful and positive. 2. components of security and comfort, privacy, use of natural factors and humility and authenticity in apartment house in improving the quality of housing today with Islamic Iran Quality importance and necessity of this research is effective, all of us are Muslims and in the community Muslim lives-wemust use the housing Iranians have which features a housing in which to achieve peace. This study, by recognizing the sensitivity and importance of housing and desirable identity, necessity, and research in this field, both in Islam and in the field of architecture and urban planning principles and principles of Islam, according to the needs and circumstances of the present essential-knows. Because the influence of Islamic values living spaces in all, a very useful and positive. The selection of this project is trying to respond to one of the country›s current problems is the lack of implementation of housing today with Iranian-Islamic criteria.It is expected, based on the principles for housing contemporary Iranian Islamic law can be extracted. The opposite can be done.presented. These principles, how Muslims live and how their relationship with the community and the surrounding area offer. According to Iran›s Culture and Islamic architecture, houses should be built in such a way that these principles into consideration and, therefore, designers should use these principles as policy design. In other words, houses an Iranian Muslim and Islamic beliefs and the result of Iranian cultural values consistent with it. The research method is a descriptive survey to determine the needs and requirements of the current situation of Iranian-Islamic architectural design has been done we do. And by distributing questionnaires among the professionals and graduates heading architecture. Qualitative research method in this study is an analysis and survey. The population in this research professionals and students of architecture in the University (martyr Rajaee Teacher Training, Tehran University of Qom, Mashhad Ferdowsi) is. Sampling randomly from among graduates and professionals with a sample size of 150 is architecture and accuracy the number of samples were confirmed using Cronbach and the size is perfect to fill the questionnaire. Current research tool in the study of the documents, the most important library resources such as books, magazines, study of written documents, regulations and is planning projects. In addition, the study of different means and methods of data collection used questionnaires and interviews. The questionnaire consisted of three questions open and 41 closed questions is the main aim of the Islamic-Iranian architecture of the residential variable and discover how accurate their priorities from the perspective of university professors, experts in the field of architecture. After collecting data from sample results for the descriptive analysis in the form of charts and tables, etc. show and then using statistical analysis using software SPSS21 to a series of appropriate information to It was designed to help. The results show that to return to the Iranian- Islamic architecture pattern, in the design and implementation of modern residential complexes, four factors «comfort and safety», «privacy», «natural agents» and «humility in the house» are as shared characteristics, factors on the basis of today›s Iranian Islamic culture and apartment housing.